1 Timothy 2:12 as a Proof Text
A proof text is a verse or passage which someone feels is the definitive statement on a certain theological subject, so this verse is used, usually uncontextualised, as proof to establish a doctrine. For many people, 1 Timothy 2:12 has been the proof text and the starting point on the issue of Women in Ministry, and all other Scripture is seen through the lens, or the filter, of this one verse in particular.
When a single proof text (or even a couple) is used to formulate and argue beliefs, there is a danger of ignoring other Bible verses which may seem to say something different or even contradict the desired premise. The significance of other passages might be down played, or their meaning distorted or obscured. This has happened in the Women in Ministry debate. Many New Testament verses which reveal that women did function as ministers and leaders have been simply overlooked and ignored, or even altered.
Also, when relying on a proof text, the meaning of other verses may be bent or taken out of context to make them agree and fit in with the desired premise, even though the real meaning of these other verses may be quite unrelated. This has also happened with the debate about Women in Ministry as we will see later on.
Reading Scripture in Context
When reading Scripture, it is always helpful to have an understanding of the culture of the recipients the book or letter was originally written to - in this case, the culture of the Ephesians. (Paul wrote his letters to Timothy when Timothy was overseeing the church at Ephesus.)
It is also helpful to try and understand the situation and the concerns the book or letter is addressing. Each book of the Bible was written for a reason, or several reasons, so it is important to ascertain the author’s aim in writing the book or letter, where possible. When trying to understand the New Testament letters, in this case 1 Timothy, it is imperative.
It is also important to read and comprehend the entire book or letter and not just read a verse or passage in isolation from the rest of the text. In other words, we need to view verses of Scripture in the context of the book or letter it comes from, and indeed in the context of the entire Bible.
This article will look at 1 Timothy 2:12 within the context of the entire letter of 1 Timothy, and it will look at the cultural setting of the Ephesian church. This, hopefully, will help us to better understand what Paul meant in 1 Timothy 2:12.
Go to Part Two - 1 Timothy 2:12 in Context: Understanding the Ephesian Culture.
© 8th of December, 2009; Margaret Mowczko
1 Timothy 2:12 in Context:
Part 2 – Understanding the Ephesian Culture
Part 3 – Paul’s Reason for Writing to Timothy: Heresy in the Ephesian Church
Part 4 – 1 Timothy 2:11-15, Verse by Verse
Part 5 – 1 Timothy 2:11-15, Verse by Verse (continued)