Learning to thrive in the new life Jesus offers us – 2 Corinthians 5:16-17

1 Timothy 2:12

Gender Roles Rooted in Creation?

February 25th, 2017

Complementarians believe Paul teaches that men have a God-given authority over women. They believe this teaching is grounded in creation and is therefore timeless and universal in application. Cynthia Westfall exposes the faults in this thinking. Continue reading»

The Anonymous Man and Woman in 1 Timothy 2:11-15

February 4th, 2017

In this article, I look at the language of 1 Timothy 2:12 and discuss the possibility that this verse concerns an anonymous couple in the Ephesian church, rather than men and women more generally. Continue reading»

1 Timothy 2:13: Another reason 1 Timothy 2:12 is not as clear as it seems

August 6th, 2016

Is 1 Timothy 2:13 “For Adam was formed first and the Eve” a reason for the prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12? Does the created order really disqualify women from teaching and leading men? Continue reading»

6 reasons 1 Timothy 2:12 is not as clear as it seems

August 3rd, 2016

Taking 1 Timothy 2:12 at face value, with no understanding of the Greek or the verse’s context, can lead to a flawed interpretation. This post looks at six factors which must be considered when interpreting 1 Timothy 2:12. Continue reading»

The Regalia of Artemis Ephesia

July 23rd, 2016

This essay looks at the distinctive appearance of Artemis of Ephesus, and at what her items of clothing symbolise. A short history of the goddess is also included to help explain her importance and power. Continue reading»

1 Timothy 2:12, the created order, and Bible men who were guided by godly women

May 4th, 2016

Does the created order of man first, woman second, signify a timeless principle that only men can teach and have authority. Is the created order the reason for the prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12? Continue reading»

Chastity, Salvation, and 1 Timothy 2:15

January 27th, 2016

Are Christian and gnostic-like teachings which emphasise celibacy behind Paul’s statement in 1 Timothy 2:15? What does “she will be saved through childbearing” mean? Continue reading»

Why 1 Timothy 2:12 and 1 Corinthians 14:34 are not universal regulations

December 22nd, 2015

One reason I believe 1 Timothy 2:12 and 1 Corinthians 14:34 were ad hoc regulations addressing local problems is because of a particular word found in both verses. Continue reading»

Adam and Eve in Ancient Gnostic Literature (cf 1 Tim. 2:13-14)

March 9th, 2015

In this post I provide links to ancient Gnostic works which present Eve in a very different light to that of the Bible. Do these works help us to better understand Paul’s intent in 1 Timothy 2:13-14? Continue reading»

The prominence of women in the cults of Ephesus

September 20th, 2014

This article looks at evidence that some Ephesian women held the position of high-priestess (and other offices) in pagan cults. Did this culture of prominent women in the cults encourage Christian women to behave inappropriately in the Christian community of Ephesus. Continue reading»

The Consensus and Context of 1 Timothy 2:12

July 2nd, 2014

No verse is brought up more often in discussions on Women in Ministry than 1 Timothy 2:12. Many Christians are stuck on this one verse, but what does it mean? Here are my notes from a talk I gave on the 28th of June 2014 at a public meeting hosted by the Sydney chapter of Christians for Biblical Equality. Continue reading»

What must a woman do to be saved? (1 Tim. 2:15)

June 23rd, 2013

For some (hierarchical complementarian) Christians being a faithful follower of Jesus is not enough for a woman to be saved. Continue reading»

1 Timothy 2:12 in Context (Part 1)

April 17th, 2013

This five part series takes a close look at 1 Timothy 2:12, at what it does and doesn’t say, as well as providing some cultural background.
Part 1 look at some of the pitfalls of using 1 Timothy 2:12 as the proof text on the issue of whether women can be leaders and teachers in the church. Continue reading»

1 Timothy 2:12 in Context (Part 2)

April 17th, 2013

To better understand Paul’s intention in 1 Timothy 2:12 it helps to understand the culture of the Ephesian people who Timothy was ministering to. This article takes a quick look at the goddess Artemis and her magnificent temple in Ephesus. Artemis had a huge influence on the Ephesians! Continue reading»

1 Timothy 2:12 in Context (Part 3)

April 17th, 2013

What was Paul’s primary purpose for writing his first letter to Timothy?
What was the problem in the Ephesian Church?
Continue reading»

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